Black mold is one of the many types of molds and belongs to the fungi family. It is also known as strachybotrys chartarum and also strachybotrys atra. This kind of mold is very dangerous because of its toxic nature and can have serious health risks for humans. In appearance, it is a slimy greenish, yellowish or black substance, which can leave spots on surfaces.
Mold is not uncommon in homes, especially in places where there is a lot of rainfall and flooding. Mold grows easily in humid and dark places, and in most cases, it is not a very big issue. However, black mold is very dangerous and should be acted upon as soon as any signs and symptoms appear. This is because exposure to this kind of mold can have far reaching impact on health.
If there is high humidity in your house and no proper passage for air to flow, you should frequently keep checking for mold infestations. Always check the hidden and dark areas of the house such as basement, attic, vents, cupboards and bathroom tiles. These are the places where mold is most likely to appear.
For determining whether you have mold on your hands, there are some steps that you can take. First of all, check your house for any telltale signs of black mold, which are black, green or yellow spots and stains on the infested areas. Also, if you have mold in your house, you should be able to detect a musty odor, which can be quite strong at times. If your house has been flooded recently, or you have seen leaks, it is better to check for these signs. Also, if you notice any sicknesses in your family such as respiratory issues, allergies and stomach problems, it could be caused by the mold.
Black mold, once detected, should be immediately cleaned, because any prolonged exposure to this mold can be hazardous to health. Most people report a number of symptoms such as diarrhea, headaches, cramps, vomiting and rashes, but severe problems like asthma attacks can also occur. If you have any family members who already suffer from a disease, their health can deteriorate further.
It is always better to call an expert in order to remove black mold from your home. However, nowadays you can also find many mold removal kits and solutions in the market that can be used for the same purpose.